Firm and Worker Dynamics in an Aging Labor Market

老龄劳动力市场中的企业和工人动态

2019/04/12 11:35
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对照中文英文原文
老龄化通过组合效应减少了进入和工人的流动性。在均衡状态下,较低的入职率意味着较少的新的,更好的工作机会,而更好的匹配劳动力市场会阻碍创造和进入就业机会。

Abstract

摘要

I develop an idea flows theory of firm and worker dynamics in order to assess the consequences of population aging. Older people are less likely to attempt entrepreneurship and switch employers because they have found better jobs. Consequently, aging reduces entry and worker mobility through a composition effect. In equilibrium, the lower entry rate implies fewer new, better job opportunities for workers, while the better matched labor market dissuades job creation and entry. Aging accounts for a large share of substantial declines in firm and worker dynamics since the 1980s, primarily due to equilibrium forces. Cross-state evidence supports these predictions.

本文作者开发了一个关于企业和工人动态的理念流动理论,以评估人口老龄化的后果。老年人不太可能因为找到了更好的工作而尝试创业并转换雇主。因此,老龄化通过组合效应减少了进入和工人的流动性。在均衡状态下,较低的入职率意味着较少的新的,更好的工作机会,而更好的匹配劳动力市场会阻碍创造和进入就业机会。自20世纪80年代以来,老龄化在企业和工人动态方面占很大比例,主要是由于均衡力量。跨州证据支持这些预测。

Keywords: Demographics; Employment; Economic growth; Labor turnover; Entrepreneurial choice

关键词:人口统计学;就业;经济增长;劳动力流动;创业选择

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