Development of High-Speed Rail in the People’s Republic of China

中国高铁的发展

2019/05/30 19:56
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在市中心附近建设多个车站,将大大减少出入时间,提高出行效率。

Constructing multiple stations in the vicinity of city centers will greatly reduce the access/egress time, thereby enhancing travel efficiency.

在市中心附近建设多个车站,将大大减少出入时间,提高出行效率。

High-speed rail (HSR) construction is continuing at a rapid pace in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to improve rail’s competitiveness in the passenger market and facilitate inter-city accessibility. To take advantage of spillover effects, bring economic cohesion at the local level, and recover the local matching investment in infrastructure, all cities have planned new towns around HSR stations. Speeding up HSR construction has required the development of many standardized technologies and processes. Plans for HSR stations usually situate them in suburbs, far from city centers, to reduce the cost of property right of way relating to the removal of housing or industry as well as to lower the complexities in negotiations. However, city centers remain the main starting and destination terminals for most HSR passengers, especially businessmen who use HSR frequently. Besides, large railway stations in suburbs, providing a comfortable waiting space for passengers, have prolongate the travel time for HSR users. A reliable and high-quality public transit service, connecting an HSR station and the city center at the launch of HSR operations, is essential to curb the increase in car/taxi use. Studies have also suggested that, instead of building one big HSR station in the suburb of a metropolis, constructing multiple stations in the vicinity of city centers will greatly reduce the access/egress time, thereby enhancing travel efficiency.

为了提高铁路在客运市场上的竞争力,并促进城市间的可达性,中国的高速铁路(HSR)建设正在继续以快速的步伐进行。为了利用溢出效应,在地方层面带来经济凝聚力,恢复地方在基础设施方面的配套投资,所有城市都围绕高铁车站规划了新城。加快高铁建设需要发展许多标准化的技术和过程。修建高铁车站的计划通常将它们建在远离市中心的郊区,以降低与拆除房屋或工业相关的道路产权成本,并降低谈判的复杂性。然而,对于大多数高铁乘客,尤其是经常使用高铁的商人来说,城市中心仍然是主要的起点和终点。此外,郊区的大型火车站为乘客提供了舒适的等候空间,延长了高铁用户的出行时间。在高铁运营初期,将高铁车站和市中心连接起来的可靠、高质量的公共交通服务,对于遏制汽车/出租车使用量的增长至关重要。研究还表明,与其在大都市郊区修建一个大型高铁车站,不如在市中心附近修建多个高铁车站,这将大大减少进出时间,从而提高出行效率。

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